In the summer or late spring it is filled with an atmosphere of oppressive heat, in great contrast with the bracing breezes of the neighbouring hills of Galilee. (1-13) Cautions against bad company, Exhortation to faith and holiness. And he said to them, Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men. Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. A thriving commercial place on the northwestern shore of the sea (or lake) of Galilee, hence called here ‘the maritime,’ which is the literal meaning of the word paraphrased: which is on the shore of the lake. This migration to Capernaum is not formally noted in the other Gospels, but Capernaum appears in all the synoptists as the main centre of Christ’s Galilean ministry.— , etc. Jesus teaches in Galilee. The reasons for the choice of that city lie, some of them, on the surface. Well known then, now of doubtful situation, being no longer in existence. View More Titles. Greek. σεν εἰς Καπερναοὺμ. Thence, for reasons we proceed to explain, he went and took his residence at Capernaum. By the ancient division of the tribes, Zebulun bordered on this Sea of Gennesaret. Lastly, St. John’s narrative supplies another link. Now, we know that the kingdom of Christ is spiritual, and, therefore, the light of salvation which it brings, and all the assistance which we derive from it, must correspond to its nature. It was in the Gentile area of Galilee—not in Jewish Jerusalem to the south—where Christ began His ministry of light. See Poole on Mt "13:17". This lake and its surrounding localities must ever remain one of the most interesting spots on the map of the globe. and leaving Nazareth, He came and settled in Capernaum, which is by the sea, in the region of Zebulun and Naphtali. Matthew 4:13 . Matthew 4:13. Certainly, it is evident from the context, that the prophet looks much farther; and, as he promises a universal restoration of the whole church, it follows that the land of Zebulun, and the land of Naphtali, and Galilee of the Gentiles, are included in the number of those, to whom the darkness of death would be changed into the light of life. HENRY ALFORD (1810-1871) The New Testament for English Readers Matthew Commentary. Occurs only here. Pliny says it was sixteen miles long, and six broad. Capernaum was an important place, the residence of Andrew, Peter, and the sons of Zebedee, probably of Matthew also, chiefly honored by the title, ‘His own city’ (Matthew 9:1). And leaving Nazareth, His early home. crit.). Because rejected there (Luke 4:16-30). It was afterward called the Sea of Galilee, and finally, in honour of the Emperor Tiberius, it was called the Lake of Tiberias, and a town was called Tiberias on its western coast. That Matthew's order is the right one will appear, we think, quite clearly in the sequel. Nazareth was a town in Galilee where the parents of Jesus lived after coming back from Egypt. In the clearness of the eastern atmosphere it looks much smaller than its real size. St. John (John 2:12) states a fact which implies (1) that Capernaum had not been before the home of the mother of our Lord and of His brethren, and (2) that there were ties of some kind drawing them thither for a temporary visit. Against the identity, see notes on Luke, and on chap. According to the historian, Josephus, it did not belong to Herod, the tetrarch, who sent the baptist to confinement, but to Philip, the tetrarch, his brother. (3.) Our Price: $12.99 Save: $22.00 (63%) Buy Now. It was called the place of refreshment, from the springs near which it stood. The exact site of Capernaum has long been one of the vexed questions of the topography of Palestine, but the researches of the Palestine Exploration Society have identified it with the modern village of Tell-Hûm, where their excavations have disinterred the remains of an ancient building of the Roman period, which is supposed to have been the synagogue of the city; possibly, therefore, the very synagogue, built by the believing centurion (Luke 7:5), in which our Lord worshipped and taught (John 6:59). ), The Israelites had been twice visited by a heavy calamity: first, when four tribes, or thereby, were carried away into banishment, by Tiglath-Pileser, (2 Kings 15:29;) and, secondly, when Shalmaneser completed the destruction of the kingdom of Israel, (2 Kings 18:9.) Words in boxes are from the Bible. Capernaum. Matthew Poole's Commentary. Capernaum was a town situated upon the western shore of the Lake of Gennesaret. This commentary has been through Advanced Checking. Not... in Nazareth. In the borders of Zebulun and Naphtali ... wondered at the gracious words that proceeded out of his mouth, he came and dwelt in Capernaum, which is upon the seacoast. So here, what we understand the Evangelist to say is, that Jesus, on His return to Galilee, did not, as might have been expected, make Nazareth the place of His stated residence, but "leaving (or passing by) Nazareth,". Its surface was dotted by countless villages, visited by our Lord at various times, mentioned or unmentioned by the evangelists. Read Matthew 4:13 commentary using Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Study the bible online using commentary on Matthew 4 and more! From now on when mention is made of "his own city" it will mean this place, while the term "his own country" will still mean the vicinity of Nazareth. Matthew 5:13-17 New International Version (NIV) Salt and Light. (See Hist. As Nazareth was in Galilee, this implies that our Lord’s course from Judea was first to Nazareth. It was abandoned long ago. Sandwiched between the Lectionary excerpts Jesus insists that old garments and old wineskins cannot withstand new cloth and new wineskins. (Syn. This place was eminently suited to be the location of our Lord’s ministry. NIV Zondervan Study Bible, hardcover. “Nevertheless, the dimness shall not be such as was in her vexation, when at the first he lightly afflicted the land of Zebulun, and the land of Naphtali, and afterward did more grievously afflict her by the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, in Galilee of the nations. The prophet’s discourse relates, no doubt, to the destruction of the nation, but presents to us, as in a mirror, what is the condition of mankind, until they are delivered by the grace of Christ. These localities are unparalleled in interest to the heart of the Christian traveller, and no waters in the world are surveyed with such emotions as the Lake of Gennesaret, and the stream of the Jordan. Leaving Nazareth — Namely, when they had rejected his word, and even attempted to kill him, as is described Luke 4:29: he came and dwelt in Capernaum, upon the sea-coast — “Capernaum is nowhere mentioned in the Old Testament, either by its own name or by any other. (See the note at Matthew 11:23.) We adopt, however, the opinion of Dr. Thomson, that it was situated at the point which is now called Tell-Hum. Twelve men sent to search the land of Canaan, Their instructions. (1-20) Their proceedings. Long before the settlement of the tribes in the land of Canaan, the dying Jacob prophesied of Zebulun, (, :) “Zebulun shall dwell at the haven of the sea; and he shall be an haven of the ships; and his borders shall be unto Zidon.”, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, John Lightfoot's Commentary on the Gospels, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, The Popular Commentary by Paul E. Kretzmann, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. Through the centre of this lake, from north to south, runs the rapid current of the River Jordan, which, coming down from its sources in the Lebanon, passes onward to the Dead Sea. Its position on the shore of the lake, as a town with a garrison and a custom-house, made it the natural centre of the fishing-trade of the Lake of Galilee. Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise) << Micah 3 | Micah 4 | Micah 5 >> (Read all of Micah 4) Complete Concise Chapter Contents. Matthew 4:13. God will stretch out his hand to his people, and, therefore, death will be more tolerable than the previous diseases were. It is very absurd in the Jews to confine it to the deliverance of the city of Jerusalem. A city of 30,000 on the northwest shore of the Lake of Galilee, It was an important city, had a synagogue, a Roman army garrison, and a customs station with Matthew as the tax officer. In Capernaum. The commencement of this light, and, as we might say, the dawn, was the return of the people from Babylon. And leaving Nazareth — Namely, when they had wholly rejected his word, and even attempted to kill him. Matthew Poole's Commentary. ывает, что Христос уже интенсивно проповедовал там (См. Matthew 13:15 - For the heart of this people has become dull , With their ears they scarcely hear , And they have closed their eyes , Otherwise they would see with their eyes , Hear with their ears , And understand with their heart and return , And I would heal them .' And leaving Nazareth, He came and dwelt in Capernaum, which is upon the seacoast in the regions of Zebulun and Naphtali, ASV. The river Jordan runs through the middle of it, and stocks it with a variety of excellent fish. Read Matthew 4 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). (1-8) The judgments to come upon Jerusalem, but the final triumph of Israel. Which is upon the sea coast — The coast or shore of the Lake of Gennesaret. For events at Capernaum, see Matthew 8, Matthew 9, Matthew 17, Matthew 18. But if the salt loses its saltiness, how can it be made salty again? 14-16. Anciently, the lake of Gennesareth was called the sea of Chinneroth, Numbers 34:11; but in later times, it was named the sea of Galilee, because that country formed part of its shore, and the sea of Tiberias: from the city Tiberias, lying on the south-west coast thereof. Retail: $49.99. 1. The adjoining countries of Naphtali and Zebulun, diversified with mountain and vale, were covered with verdure, and cultivated by a swarming population. (21-25) Their account of the land. Matthew Poole's Commentary Ver. Jewish authorities identify Kaphir Nakhum with Kaphir Temkhum, since corrupted into the modern Tell Hum. (13) Leaving Nazareth.—The form of the name in the older MSS. The word Hum is doubtless the closing syllable of thee word Caperna, signifies a mound, or ancient, site, so the ancient Kefr-Nahum would be the modern Tell-Hum. Matthew 4:13. (1-3) Its excellency represented by its properties and effects; (4-7) and by its abiding, and its superiority. A second rejection took place at a later period (comp. The Lake of Gennesaret is seldom mentioned in the Old Testament, or in secular history. The coast or shore of the Lake of Gennesaret. The necessity and advantage of the grace of love. The Gospel reading this day after Christmas strikes a new tone for the season by dramatically leading us away from anticipation of Advent and revelry of the holidays to the tenuous and dark days between promises and their fruition. As the word Kefr signifies a village, and the word Tell signifies a mound, or ancient, site, so the ancient Kefr-Nahum would be the modern Tell-Hum. For Women -- hardcover, jacketed printed of Canaan, their instructions the return of Lake! 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