They were in no danger of being sucked in by the old Jerusalem with its powerful religious attractions, for it had no great hold on their hearts, and it could therefore be seen objectively. This is not found, word for word, in Zechariah; but what God commanded one Prophet to proclaim, the Evangelist justly and appropriately applies to all godly teachers; for the only hope, on which the children of God ought both to build and to rely, was, that the Redeemer would at length come. Behold, thy King cometh; this prophecy was universally understood of the Messiah; and thus Jesus openly claimed to be the one predicted by it. The Greek word translated “gentle” here occurs just three other times in the New Testament: in the first beatitude, that “the meek” will inherit the earth (Matt. 5.Tell ye the daughter of Zion — This is a memorable prophecy of the Messiah in his humble and peaceful character. It is true that neither of the other three accounts says a thing about the mother, but that could be accounted for by the fact that the use of an unbroken colt was the unusual feature of this event and hence it only is given notice by them. Well, He would do so, but it would be a kingdom “not of this world” (John 18:36), utterly unlike all that they were looking for. Matthew 25:18 identifies the man as the “lord” (kyrios), a term that, ordinarily, simply means “master.” Matthew is particularly fond of assigning kyrios to Jesus as well as to God (in the immediate context, see 25:11).The man’s journey, then, evokes the delay of Jesus’ return, the notorious delay of the parousia. . manuscripts read Isaias, others Zacharias: the text seems to be extracted from both, but particularly the latter, the sense of which is taken, though not verbatim, from the Septuagint version. Then the multitudes who went before and those who followed cried out, saying: “Hosanna to the Son of David! Sitting upon an ass; the common beast of the Israelitish rulers in ancient times, Judges 5:10; Judges 10:4; and moreover a beast of peace, in contrast with the horse, which was specially employed in war. The ancient Jewish doctors were wont to apply these prophecies to the Messiah. Matthew 21:6 And the disciples went, and did as Jesus commanded them, Matthew 21:7 And brought the ass, and the colt, and … The wise men in Matthew 2 are the chief priests and the scribes who function as Herod’s key advisors. Matthew 21:5, ESV: "“Say to the daughter of Zion, ‘Behold, your king is coming to you, humble, and mounted on a donkey, on a colt, the foal of a beast of burden.’”" Matthew 21:5, KJV: "Tell ye the daughter of Sion, Behold, thy King cometh unto thee, meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the foal of an ass." Untie them and bring them to me. Untie them and bring them to me. Strauss and ether objectors have maintained that this is simply a Hebrew parallelism, in which the last clause is but an echo of the former, both possessing the same meaning. Tell ye the daughter of Zion These words seem to be taken out of ( Isaiah 62:11) where it is said, "say ye to the daughter of Zion, behold thy salvation cometh", or "thy Saviour cometh"; meaning, without doubt, the Messiah: by the daughter of Zion is meant, not the city of Jerusalem, but the inhabitants thereof, the Jewish synagogue; or as the Targum renders it, (Nwyud … shout for joy, thou daughter of Jerusalem! That ideal our Lord claimed to fulfil. Even the riding of an unbroken colt would not be so unusual because somebody had to ride it for the first time, and besides this, the public crowd would not know it was an unbroken animal since it would be under control of this supernatural rider. Tell ye, &c. Quoted from Zechariah 9:9. And our Lord, in thus acting the image of the prophet in visible form, does call the attention of the Jewish nation to his claim to be the King predicted by this prophetic image. Note. That is why later he will present Christ’s coronation as something which, while having been accomplished in Heaven, is connected with Galilee with its freedom from the old traditional leadership, rather than being connected with Jerusalem (Matthew 28:16-20). 9:9 21:9 A Hebrew expression meaning "Save!" The prophet does not by these words intend to describe this or any particular scene. (Mr 11:2-7; Lu 19:30-35; Joh 12:14, 15) Evidently, since Jesus rode only on the colt, Mark, Luke, and John mention only one animal. Now though he bestows on Christ other commendations — namely, that he is just, and having salvation — Matthew has taken but a single portion, which applied to the object he had in view, which is, that Christ will come, poor or meek; or in other words, that he will be unlike earthly kings, whose apparel is very magnificent and costly. —See study note on Mt 21:5. It was applied by the ancient Jews to the Messiah. Daughter of Zion — The pious part of the Jewish people. For Matthew, as for Paul, the real Jerusalem was now the heavenly Jerusalem (Galatians 4:26), and he wants his readers to see it in that way too. A colt the foal of an ass.—Literally, of a beast of burden, the word not being the same as that previously used. . a donkey tied and a colt with her: Only Matthew’s account mentions both the donkey and its colt. Matthew 21:2 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Matthew 21:2, NIV: "saying to them, 'Go to the village ahead of you, and at once you will find a donkey tied there, with her colt by her.Untie them and bring them to me." 7:11 21:16 Psalm 8:2 (see Septuagint) Say to the daughter of Zion , ‘ Behold your King is coming to you , Gentle, and mounted on a donkey , Even on a colt, the foal of a beast of burden . But He thus fulfilled a prophetic announcement, in which the Messiah is represented as the king entering Jerusalem, and yet as lowly, the meekness symbolized by His riding upon an ass’s colt. See App-107. This tells us something significant is about to happen, and we would do well to pay attention! But with these words at the ninth verse commences, in contrast, the descriptive picture of Jesus the Prince of peace. Matthew 21:5 Zech. This verse begins the discussion of murder. of the prophet in visible form, does call the attention of the Jewish nation to his claim to be the King predicted by this prophetic image. The quotation from Zechariah was certainly seen by the Jews as Messianic, but Jesus’ clothing and demeanour would not have encouraged full recognition. He only takes the riding upon the ass as the image to illustrate the meekness of the Messianic King. Matthew 21:5. Peter said, Nor must this voluntary act upon the part of our Lord be looked upon as being a literal and final fulfilment of the prophecy. Behold thy king cometh, etc. This our Saviour performed at the passover, when the Jewish nation was, by representatives, present to behold; when perhaps millions of the nation were actually present to bear the news to all parts of the land. However, we have seen a progressive unveiling of his identity. Verses3,4clearly stated that the mother and the colt were to be loosed and brought to Jesus. 2. and Zacharias ix. These two sections have ramifications for how Jesus viewed the Law of Moses and whether the Mosaic Law is binding on Christians today. Matthew 21:5 STU XRF TSK ... the meaning of which they would afterwards understand, against the character of those expectations and the self-seeking spirit which mingled with them. Also in verse7 both colt and mother were brought and the people put their clothes on them. It is thus translated from the Hebrew by Hengstenberg: “Rejoice greatly, thou daughter of Zion! Thou shalt not kill. глашая титулы и похвалы, которые могли относиться только к Мессии (см. κὼς ἐπὶ ὑποζύγιον καὶ πῶλον νέον. 9:9 Matthew 21:9 A Hebrew expression meaning “Save!” which became an exclamation of praise; also in verse 15 Matthew 21:9 Psalm 118:25,26 And as we must be altogether overwhelmed with grief when Christ is absent, so on the other hand, the Prophet reminds believers that, when the Redeemer is present with them, they ought to be perfectly joyful. "Saying unto them, Go into the village over against you, and straightway ye shall find an ass tied, and … In the passage, : “Binding his foal unto the vine, his ass’s colt unto the choice vine,” no one would claim that the foal and, the colt were necessarily the same individual. —See study note on Mt 21:5. It may also be that they saw Him as deliberately using an acted out prophecy in order to remind them of the soon coming Messiah. 7 They brought the donkey and th… Behold”! 2 And q large crowds followed him, and he healed them there. Behold. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Matthew 21:1-11 EXEGESIS: MATTHEW 21:1-11. It was only unbelief that kept them in Jerusalem. Indeed he sees anything that happened in Jerusalem as being due to the failure of the Apostles immediately to obey the angel’s urgent indication that they were to go to Galilee (Matthew 28:7; Mark 16:7), for on hearing the news that He would be awaiting them in Galilee they should have gone at once. ◄ Matthew 21:5 ► Tell ye the daughter of Sion, Behold, thy King cometh unto thee, meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the foal of an ass. Matthew 21:5 “Tell ye the daughter of Sion, Behold, thy King cometh unto thee, meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the foal of an ass.” King James Version (KJV) And now our present verse cites a prophecy which definitely predicts that Jesus was to ride on an ass and its colt. 9:9 Matthew 21:9 A Hebrew expression meaning “Save!” which became an exclamation of praise; also in verse 15 Matthew 21:9 Psalm 118:25,26 Thus He was by it deliberately making Himself stand out, and all would know that by it He was intending to make a declaration. It represents Jerusalem and its inhabitants. The Fathers allegorized the incident, regarding the colt as a symbol of the Gentiles, untamed and unclean before Christ sat upon them and sanctified them, the mother representing Judaism under the yoke the law. a donkey tied and a colt with her: Only Matthew’s account mentions both the donkey and its colt. And a very great multitude spread their clothes on the road; others cut down branches from the trees and spread them on the road. He is quite happy therefore to connect Christ’s heavenly activity with Jerusalem. Most commentators believe that Jesus rode the colt only, and that the mother was taken along because of a humane feeling for the mother and her young offspring. THE CONTEXT Earlier, because Jesus' time had not yet come, he withdrew when Pharisees conspired against him and ordered the crowds "not to make him known" (12:14-16). Thereby the colt foal in the last clause would be the same as the ass in the first clause, both being terms for one and the same animal. In the Hebrew of Zechariah the word reproduces the old poetic phraseology of Genesis 49:11. Compare Isaiah 62:11. . Matthew 21:5. he prophetic quotation, from Zechariah 9:9, prefaced by a phrase from Isaiah 62:11, with some words omitted, and with some alteration in expression as compared with Sept[114]. 9). It is thus translated from the Hebrew by Hengstenberg: “Rejoice greatly, thou daughter of Zion! From Isaiah 62:11. Moreover, unlike Matthew, he will go on to make clear precisely what the relationship of the new congregation was to Jerusalem. Behold, thy king comes to thee; he is just and protected of God, afflicted and riding upon a foal the son of an ass.” The prophecy of the entire preceding part of the ninth chapter of Zechariah, Hengstenberg holds to be a clear prediction of the conquests of Alexander the Great. App-6. Not the same word as in the preceding clause. In the present case it was our Lord’s purpose to make his procession with both animals into Jerusalem a sort of visible embodiment of the prophet’s words. Matthew 21:1-7. (5) Tell ye the daughter of Sion.—The words seem to have been cited from memory, the Hebrew text of Zechariah 9:9 beginning, “Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Sion; shout O daughter of Jerusalem,” and inserting “just, and having salvation” in the description of the King. It takes a new, a deeper, a more spiritual shape and meaning. 9. daughter of Jerusalem: behold the King cometh unto thee; He is just and having salvation: meek, and riding on an ass, even a young colt, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. Tell ye the daughter of Zion. The daughter of Zion (th qugatri Siwn).Jerusalem as in Isaiah 22:4 (daughter of my people). Thus interpreted, His act was in part an apparent concession to the fevered expectations of His disciples and the multitude; in part also a protest, the meaning of which they would afterwards understand, against the character of those expectations and the self-seeking spirit which mingled with them. Hence they are spoken of together by the evangelist. 1 As they approached Jerusalem and came to Bethphage on the Mount of Olives, Jesus sent two disciples, 2 saying to them, “Go to the village ahead of you, and at once you will find a donkey tied there, with her colt by her. And a careful reading of the witnesses suggests that they saw His intention as being to proclaim His prophetic status (Matthew 21:11; Luke 19:37; John 12:16-18). By this he is further affirming that the old Israel, centred on Jerusalem, has been replaced by the new Israel, an Israel which has more in common with Galilee in not being tied to the old ways. Matthew 21:8-11. Here, as before, we trace the grave, sad accommodation to thoughts other than His own to which the Teacher of new truths must often have recourse when He finds Himself misinterpreted by those who stand altogether on a lower level. . 18 When he was going back to the city in the morning, he was hungry. Matthew 21:5 Tell ye the daughter of Sion, Behold, thy King cometh unto thee, meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the foal of an ass. There are only four possible ways that this situation could have arisen: Matthew 17:21 is original and one or more scribes mistakenly omitted it. . Matthew 21:2, ESV: "saying to them, “Go into the village in front of you, and immediately you will find a donkey tied, and a colt with her. Matthew 21:5 Zech. Matthew’s emphasis therefore must be seen as favouring an early date for his writing, with all ties to Jerusalem intended to be seen as broken. ‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the LORD!’ Figure of speech Asterismos. Behold, thy king comes to thee; he is just and protected of God, afflicted and riding upon a foal the son of an ass.” The prophecy of the entire preceding part of the ninth chapter of Zechariah, Hengstenberg holds to be a clear prediction of the conquests of Alexander the Great. In the present case it was our Lord’s purpose to make his procession with both animals into Jerusalem a sort of visible embodiment of the prophet’s words. It was only later that recognition would dawn on many who believed, that it was in fact a declaration that Hewasthe Messiah, coming in lowliness to commence the official establishment of His Kingly Rule in Jerusalem (John 12:16-18), as it had already first been established in Galilee. Matthew 21:5 Zech. Matthew 21:5. “Tell ye the daughter of Sion, Behold, thy King cometh unto thee, meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the foal of an ass.” Wesley's Matthew 21:5 Bible Commentary 21:5 The daughter of Sion - That is, the inhabitants of Jerusalem: the first words of the passage are cited from Isaiah 62:11 ; the rest from Zechariah 9:9 . shout for joy, thou daughter of Jerusalem! Another mark of poverty is added, that he willride on an ass, or the foal of an ass; for there can be no doubt that the manner of riding which belongs to the common people is contrasted with royal splendor. " Not the Law only, but the Prophets also, did our Lord with the greatest carefulness fulfil, that no one mark or tittle of the letter should fail of the Word of God. an ass = a beast of burden. Possible explanations for the presence or absence of Matthew 17:21. 21:5 Zech. He only takes the riding upon the ass as the image to illustrate the meekness of the Messianic King. And our Lord, in thus. 5.Say to the daughter of Zion. Luke can, however, present things differently, for to him and his readers Jerusalem was the old capital of ancient Israel and the place where prophecy would be fulfilled, but nothing more. It was applied by the ancient Jews to the Messiah. 3 If anyone says anything to you, say that the Lord needs them, and he will send them right away.” … From Zechariah 9:9. Our Lord was to enter Jerusalem in a prominent position, not lost in the crowd thronging to the Passover feast; He chooses to ride upon the foal of an ass, not on a horse, the symbol of pride. which became an exclamation of praise; also in verse 15 21:13 Isaiah 56:7 21:13 Jer. The Cursing of the Fig Tree. By contrast, the infant king Jesus is helpless and vulnerable, a ruler whose power is hidden in humility (compare 21:5). When John writes Jerusalem’s ties are broken so that again there is no danger of wrong ideas arising from the connection with Jerusalem. (Mr 11:2-7; Lu 19:30-35; Joh 12:14, 15) Evidently, since Jesus rode only on the colt, Mark, Luke, and John mention only one animal. In the passage Genesis 49:11: “Binding his foal unto the vine, his ass’s colt unto the choice vine,” no one would claim that the foal and the colt were necessarily the same individual. And upon a colt the foal of an ass (kai epi pwlon uion upozugiou).These words give trouble if kai is here taken to mean "and." Any statement of an event may include more than is specifically mentioned but it will never take in less than is named. This is a memorable prophecy of the Messiah in his humble and peaceful character. Matthew 21:1-46 (New International Version) The Triumphal Entry 1 As they approached Jerusalem and came to Bethphage on the Mount of Olives, Jesus sent two disciples, 2 saying to them, "Go to the village ahead of you, and at once you will find a donkey tied there, with her colt by her. App-117. See Ex 20:13 De 5:17. So Babylon (Isaiah 47:1), daughter of Tyre for Tyre (Psalms 45:12).Riding (epibebhkwv).Perfect active participle of epibainw, "having gone upon.". '", To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, sitting upon an ass, and a colt, the foal of an ass. "All this was done that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying, Tell ye the daughter of Sion, Behold, thy King cometh unto thee," etc. 1As they approached Jerusalem and came to Bethphage on the Mount of Olives, Jesus sent two disciples, 2 saying to them, “Go to the village ahead of you, and at once you will find a donkey tied there, with her colt by her. John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, John Lightfoot's Commentary on the Gospels, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament, Old Testament Quotations in the New Testament, Old Testament (I. Christ as Fulfilment of). Both prophecies were referred to the Messiah by the Jews. People's Bible Notes for Matthew 5:21. The question of the disciples did not draw from Jesus explanations as to the motive of the malediction. In this case, Moses. But Hengstenberg justly denies that by the laws of Hebrew parallelism the two would necessarily mean the same individual animal. Christ, the Divine Lawgiver, modifies it. Untie them and bring them to me. Matthew 5:21 is the twenty-first verse of the fifth chapter of the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament and is part of the Sermon on the Mount.It opens the first of what have traditionally been known as the Antitheses in which Jesus compares the current interpretation of a part of Mosaic Law with how it should actually be understood. They wished Him to claim the kingdom, that they might sit on His right hand and on His left. 9:9 Matthew 21:9 A Hebrew expression meaning “Save!” which became an exclamation of praise; also in verse 15 Matthew 21:9 Psalm 118:25,26 To him Jerusalem was the starting point and there was no danger that Luke’s readers might be sucked back to the old ways. See Isaias lxii. which became an exclamation of praise; also in verse 15 21:9 Psalm 118:25,26 21:9 A Hebrew expression meaning "Save!" 19 Now when Jesus had finished these sayings, he went away from n Galilee and o entered p the region of Judea beyond the Jordan. —, the matter of the fig tree, as if it were a small affair, not worth speaking about. Neither wanted the baggage of the old Jerusalem. Mt 5:21 Ye have heard. пояснение к ст. This our Saviour performed at the passover, when the Jewish nation was, by representatives, present to behold; when perhaps millions of the nation were actually present to bear the news to all parts of the land. Whatever happened to Matthew 17, an addition or a subtraction, it must have happened very early. Accordingly, the Prophet shows that the coming of Christ yields to believers a full and complete ground of joy; for, since God is not reconciled to them in any other way than through the agency of the Mediator, and as it is the same Mediator who delivers his people from all evils, what can there be, apart from him, that is fitted to cheer men ruined by their sins, and oppressed by troubles? Before commenting on this question, note that the meaning of Matthew 5:21-48 is heavily debated, as is the section immediately preceding it—Matthew 5:17-20. Shout. That Jesus’ careful arrangement for the obtaining of the colt, followed by His equally deliberate riding of it into Jerusalem in Passover week, is intended to have significance is undoubted, for while certainly some wealthy pilgrims did ride into Jerusalem on asses at that time, it was not common practise, and it would certainly not have been expected of Jesus, for the pilgrims flocked in continually on foot. 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